Short Cuts Cost Lives
Manufacturing, construction, and engineering are a big part of our economy. But those workers also face a greater likelihood of serious work injuries than other workers. IN 2019/20 the HSE reported that 111 workers were killed in workplace accidents and 69,206 non-fatal injuries were reported by employers.
Machinery accidents cost employees billions every year and on average employees who are injured usually have to take weeks off work or may never return.
Would you take that chance?
Lockout Tagout is an essential tool in the control of hazardous energy, in a wide range of industry sectors to prevent accidents.
What are hazardous energy sources?
Hazardous energy sources include electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical, thermal, or other sources in machines and equipment.
The unexpected start-up or release of stored energy is immensely dangerous for any employee/operative in close proximity to the machine.
Which form of energy is lock out tag out used to control?
Lock out tag out is a hazardous energy control system used to ensure that machines and equipment are totally isolated from all energy sources. Locks are used to secure switches and valves in the OFF or SAFE position.
Lock out tag out is still the best-known practice for this protection and should be utilized any time the machine or equipment is being cleaned, maintained, and inspected. As well as for company shutdowns, turnarounds, power outages and more.
What is the difference between lock out and tag out?
Lock out means to place a lock on a device that prevents energy release. Tagout means to place a tag on a switch or other shut off device that warns not to start that piece of equipment.
What are the 10 steps of Lock out tag out?
Lock out tag out can easily be implemented by following this simple 10 step process,
- Lock/s Application
Recognising the importance of a lock out tag out system is the first step towards implementing an effective safety process. It is not the whole solution, but it can clearly contribute, below are our simple lockout/tagout tips to follow
- Clearly identify padlocks and tags either personally or departmentally.
- Allow time & apply actions to relieve any stored/residual energies.
- Ensure Lockout equipment is suitable for the intended task.
- Develop a written programme, with process & procedures with all details that MUST be followed.
- Any new machines must have a written programme/procedure developed against it.
- All new & existing staff are to be trained and made aware of LOTOTO, it’s dangers and how to implement safely. According to the standard operating procedure (ongoing activity).
- The only person to remove a lock is the one who applied it.
- Implement and review the Lockout Tagout process and procedures annually. Update and improve where required.
- You must Try-Out every time. Confirming the success of the isolation before proceeding with the task.
Stay alert and don’t get hurt!
It goes without saying that industrial equipment can be dangerous, that’s why safety measures, process, products, and personal protective equipment are used when using them. But machinery can also present hazards when it is not in operation and that’s why lockout/tagout is governed by strict regulations UK wide, such as
- HASAW 1974
- Electricity at work Regs 1989
- PUWER Regs 1998 – Reg 19 for isolation from Sources of Energy
- Quarry Regs 1999
- OSHA 1910.147 – Control of Hazardous Energy – gov
The purpose of these regulations is to prevent injury and fatality. Contact with moving machinery and isolation (including stored energy) is still in the fatal 6, identified high consequence hazards.
Employers must develop, implement, and enforce an energy control program in line with regulations. As well and providing the correct Lockout Tagout equipment to fulfill the procedures in place.
Lockout Tagout is a process designed to reduce/eliminate risk, when performing high risk tasks. A risk assessment should be conducted each time a task occurs with potential risk. The machine/task specific written energy control procedures will ensure every task has the risk assessed before any action commences. Potentially a one-off task outside of the norm can arise, meaning any works on said task should have a risk assessment conducted by a qualified & authorized representative to control this project. A newly written energy control program should be completed in case of a future re-occurrence.
Lockout Tagout Safety Checks
Audits and visual inspections should be regularly carried out by a competent person, following the specific guidance outlined through regulations and company process/procedures. At least annually, a full audit and site survey should be completed to ensure that all equipment is of high quality, in good working order & in the required volumes to complete tasks. Additionally, the audit should cover and fulfill any newly updated/improved regulations.
It’s also worth noting, any new piece of machinery on site which will require isolation and its energy controlled. Should have a standalone machine specific energy control program written against it (working closely with the manufactures guidelines on its energy sources and moving parts) and trained out to all affected employees. All new employees should be trained to the level of every operative on site with ongoing updates, competency checks and refresher courses conducted.
Lockout Tagout is not an optional activity! The responsibility to govern this within establishments begins at the top. To instill the culture, behavior, and awareness to a high standard throughout.
Major industries are adopting the LOTOTO process due to the awareness and associated real-life risks. It is now being recognised as best practice for safety management in quarries, oil & gas, heavy manufacturing, food processing plants and more. Sectors such as renewable energy, waste and large retail companies are beginning to apply company-wide procedures utilising LOTOTO to ensure employee and operative safety with a structured and controlled procedural method.
We’ve got a lot of work to do to lockout machines better and control hazardous energy more effectively. Lockout/tagout is not the whole solution it should be combined with effective lockout training.
At Spectrum Industrial we can help by conducting a lockout/tagout survey to help you identify what you need, you can download our eBook to find out what is involved in a lockout/tagout survey. (link to the survey eBook on the website)
Remember, “Short cuts, may cut a lift short!”.